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2. GRAMMAR FOCUS
-“TO BE “Ser- estar,
– Wh questions
LESSON # 1
Meeting someone for the first time:
We usually say :’good morning/good afternoon, nice to meet you’, when we meet someone for the first time.
(apart from ‘ How do you do’ which is formal.
The answer could be :’nice to meet you too’ or ‘same here’.
‘nice meeting you’ is to tell him/her good bye.
meeting a colleague:
‘Good morning/good afternoon, how are you?’
The answer could be: ‘Fine, thank you/thanks, how about you?’
‘Have a nice day/evening/weekend’, to tell him/her good bye.
Less formal: meeting friends
‘Hi, how are you doing?’
The answer could be: ‘I’m good/ok…how about you?’
‘Take care/take it easy’, to say good bye
FORMAL AND INFORMAL GREETINGS
Karol: Hi Billy, This is Brad
Billy: Hi Brad. I’m Billy.
Brad: Nice to meet you, Billy.
Billy: Nice to meet you too.
Brad: I’m a new student here.
Karol: Oh really, and how old are you?
Brad: I’m 23
Billy: Ok, I’m 26. Hey! Let’s go to class.
I. INTRODUCING YOURSELF. omplete the dialogue
Maggy: Hello, ____________ is Maggy.
Rachel: ___________________ is Rachel
Maggy: ___________________ Rachel
Rachel: Nice ______________.
I’m sorry What is your _______ name?
Maggy: Oh! It’s Smith S-M-I-T-H.
Rachel: Ok, mine is Davis.
VERB TO BE
The verb to be is a very important verb in the English language because it helps us explain the condition or characteristics of people and things. In the study of grammar, we say that this verb shows state of being. This verb is very irregular. It is important to know its correct forms in the past, present, and future tenses. Let’s take a look at the PRESENT TENSE.
Simple present tense with ‘be’
The verb ‘be’ is different from the other verbs in this tense. Let’s look at ‘be’ first:
Here’s the positive form (positive means a normal sentence, not a negative or a question. This is sometimes called ‘affirmative’)
|Positive||Positive Short Form|
Next, here’s the negative. It’s very easy. You only add ‘not’.
|Negative||Negative short form|
|I am not||I‘m not|
|you are not||you aren’t|
|he is not||he isn’t|
|she is not||she isn’t|
|it is not||it isn’t|
|we are not||we aren’t|
|they are not||they aren’t|
And finally let’s talk about the question form of the present simple with ‘be’.
Firstly, here’s the ‘yes / no’ question form:
|Yes / No Questions|
|am I ?|
|are you ?|
|is he ?|
|is she ?|
|is it ?|
|are we ?|
|are they ?|
If you’d like to make a ‘wh’ question, you just put the question word at the front:
|where||am I ?|
|what||are you ?|
|why||is he ?|
|who||is she ?|
|when||are we ?|
|how||are they ?|
TO BE PRACTICE 1
Write the correct verb form for each sentence.
|1) I _______ sleepy.||6) We _______ busy.|
|2) You _______ handsome.||7) You _______ all awake.|
|3) He _______ short.||8) They _______ beautiful.|
|4) She _______ friendly.||9) The teacher _______ kind.|
|5) It _______ cold today.||10) The students _______ intelligent.|
TO BE PRACTICE 2
Circle the correct verb for each sentence.
|1) Sara [ am / is / are ] a teacher.||6) His cat [ am / is / are ] black.|
|2) Jan and Sue [ am / is / are ] here.||7) The students [ am / is / are ] sleepy.|
|3) I [ am / is / are ] at home.||8) It [ am / is / are ] warm today.|
|4) A cat [ am / is / are ] soft.||9) I [ am / is / are ] very busy.|
|5) My cat [ am / is / are ] gray.||10) Watermelons [ am / is / are ] tasty.|